Friday, November 28, 2008

Holsteinborg, Southwest Zealand

Holsteinborg's first name was Braade, at that time a main farm belonging to Roskilde bishopric in 1357. When the reformation came in 1536 the estate was confiscated by the Crown, but in 1562 Braade was exchanged to Niels Trolle by Frederick II. In the seven year's war Niels Trolle led the warship "Danske Christoffer" in the battle of Femern, where his famous brother Herluf Trolle got his mortal wound, while Niels in a later battle by Bornholm had a gunshot wound which took both his legs , and he went down with his ship. His son Børge Trolle bought Braade and named it Trolholm in 1582. Like his father and uncle Børge Trolle was a naval man. He was the chief of a flotilla attending Christian IV on his Arctic exploration in 1599, which is described by the author Thorkild Hansen in "Jens Munk".

By the stone bridge to the entrance are two strange shieldbearers, symbolizing the headless troll in the Trolle-family's coat of arms.

Børge Trolle began the first part of building the manor Trolholm in 1598. An inscription table above the western port says that Børge Trolle started the building. He died in 1610 and the building was finished in 1648 by rigsråd Niels Trolle. The building history is rather complicated with many inscription tables - the style history being Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque and Classicism.

A sheep flock by the moat.

The moat is only preserved on the northside and around the farm buildings.

The western port is flanket by two shieldbearing lions . In the yard is a skaalsten (a stone with many small hollows) from prehistoric Denmark.

In the west wing is the room where Hans Christian Andersen stayed on his visits in the middle of the 1800s. The church on Holsteinborg was inaugurated on August 9th 1728. The style is mostly Baroque. The park has a Baroque garden from 1725 with a 2 km long lime tree avenue. The southern part of the park is a landscape garden from 1865 and 1892.

On June 16th 1707 Trolholm was sold to Ulrik Adolph Holstein from Flensborg who later became the king's great chancellor.(storkansler) . Seven years earlier the king had given Ulrik Holstein the neighbouring estate Fuirendal - and after having bought Snedinge manor Ulrik Holstein had achieved a base for establishing grevskabet (count's estate) Holsteinborg in 1708.

The Holstein-family still owns Holsteinborg, Fuirendal and Snedinge.

photo 2007: grethe bachmann

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